An Inheritance of Ghosts

William Colley [or Corley] and Martha —–

Posted in Martha (-----) Colley [or Corley], Martha -----, William Colley [or Corley] by Gregg Mattocks on 10 September 2009

William Colley (or Corley) [192]

Father: Valentine Corley [384]

Mother: perhaps Sarah [Walker?] [385]

Mattocks Family Heritage entry

Martha —– [193]

Father: unknown [386]

Mother: unknown [387]

Mattocks Family Heritage entry


William Colley (or Corley) [192] was born about 1754 at Cumberland County, Virginia. During the Revolutionary War, he served as a private in the Sixth Virginia Battalion.

William married, by 1784, Martha —– [193].

William appeared as the head of household in the 1784 census of Cumberland County, Virginia, in a family with three “white souls” and one “dwelling”.

William may have been the William Colley who appears in the following abstract of a 1781-82 land grant at Washington County, Virginia:

William Colley … 152 ac … Commissioners Certificate … granted to Richard Brindle, assigned to Colley … on a branch of the Middle fork of Holston River … Beginning corner to Andrew Smothers land … with John Ekys and Andrew Smothers … to John McMurrays land … November 25, 1782 – Richard Brindle, assignee of Elias McKey, assignee of Thomas Potter, assignee of Elias McCay … 200 ac … joining Arthur Bowens lines, 144 ac surveyed for Thomas Potter on June 10, 1774, includes improvements, actual settlement made in 1772 … August 28, 1781 – Assigned to William Colley by purchase on October 25, 1782. Signed: Richard Brindle

On 28 February 1784, a William Colley offered 100 acres for sale at Albemarle County to satisfy taxes due on that land in 1782 and 1783.  This property was still being offered for sale on 5 March 1785.

On 4 December 1791, William purchased, for fifty pounds, from his father Valentine, half of the land Valentine was then living on. Reportedly, on 26 December 1791, at Cumberland County, William was granted a lease by his father.

An advertisement in the 1 September 1795 issue of the American Gazette and Norfolk and Portsmouth Public Advertiser may have been placed by our William Colley:

Forty Dollars Reward, RUNAWAY from the subscriber the 26th of last May, a Virginia born negro man, named PATRICK, about 5 feet 8 or 9 inches high; yellowish complexion, bad, lost one or two of his fore teeth; has small red eyes; is fond playing on the fiddle; and understands making of shoes; — Had on when he went away an oznaburgh shirt and trousers dark home spun jacket. He was formerly the property of capt. Henry Carter of Lancaster county. I expect he will endeavour to pass for a free man, as I am informed one of the soldiers belonging to Fort Norfolk, forged him a free pass. Whoever apprehends and delivers the said Negro to Josiah Hodges, in Norfolk, or the subscriber near Fort Norfolk, shall receive the above reward.

WILLIAM COLLEY. Norfolk, July,6, 1795.

Norfolk was at a considerable distance from Cumberland County, so it is not known if this record concerns our William Colley. No other record exists of William owning a slave named Patrick.

William appeared on the 1800 tax list for Cumberland County with five horses and four slaves over 16.

In the will of William’s father Valentine Corley, dated 10 November 1801 and proved 26 January 1803, Valentine left four slaves, including one named Sarah, to his wife for her use during her life. After the death of Valentine’s wife, William was to take possession of Sarah until Valentine’s granddaughter Sally Brown came of age. William was to have “the benefit from the labour of said Sarah” while the slave was in his possession.

Valentine further stipulated that “the increase from this time until the death of my wife if any from [slaves] Betty, Rosy and Sarah shall be equally divided between my three sons Viz. Caniel, William Corley, Asa Corley except the first one that is born if any, I give to my son William.” William was also bequeathed the slave Wiat outright. Finally, if there was any “stock” left after the death of Valentine’s wife, William was to have it.

In June 1805 and again on 25 August 1806, at Cumberland County, William was deeded property by Francis and Madeline Vaughan.

In 1810, William was living as the head of household at Cumberland County.

In September 1817, at Cumberland County, William was deeded by nephews George and James Corley.

In the 1820 Census of Cumberland County, a William F. [or J.] Colley was listed as the head of a household consisting of one male aged 45 or over, one female aged 45 or over, and one female aged 26 to 45. The older female was almost certainly William’s wife Martha. At this time, I beleive that the younger female was probably an unmarried daughter of William and Martha.

In the 1830 Census of Cumberland County, William Cauley, Sr., was listed as the head of a household consisting of one male aged 70 to 80 (William himself), one male aged 30 to 40, and one female aged 30 to 40. The identities of the the younger male and female in the household is not known at this time. They were perhaps one of William’s daughters and her husband. William’s wife Martha had apparently died in the years between the 1820 and 1830 census.

On 26 November 1832, at Cumberland County, William deeded property to William W. Colley.

William’s will was dated 9 March 1833.

I William Colly of the County of Cumberland being of sound and disposing mind and memory do make this my last Will and testament in manner and form following.

Item the first. My Will and desire is that my Executor herein after named proceed to pay off all my just debts as soon as practicable.

Item. The Second. I lend to my daughter Elizabeth Durham two negroes Frank and Betty and the increase of the female slave with an eaqual part of the rest of my personal Estate to be divided after my death which property I lend to my said daughter during her natural life, and at her death to be equally divided between the heirs of her body.

Item the Third. I give to my daughter Diannah Palmore two negroes, Stephen and Polly and the future increase of the said female slave together with an equal part of the personal property belonging to my Estate after my death, and the payment of my debts.

Item the Fourth. I give to my daughter Gilley Blanton a negro man by the name of Henry which she now has in possession and the further sum of five dollars and nothing more of my Estate.

Item the Fifth. I lend to my daughter Julia Pigg two negroes Albert and Emeline and the present and future increase of the female slave Emeline and an eaqual part of the rest of my personal estate at my death, all of which I lend to her during her life, and at her death I give the same to the children of my daughter Julia Pigg to be eaqually divided among them.

Item the Sixth. I give to my son William W. Colley the tract of land on which I now live, and which tract of land I have also deeded to him and the following negroes to wit, Anderson and Matilda with the future and present increase of the female slave Matilda and also an eaqual part of the rest of my estate at my death.

Item the Seventh. I give to my three grand children Wm. S. Colly, Julia A. Colly, and Elijah W. Colly the sum of five dollars each to be paid to them after my death by my Executor and no other part or portion of my estate whatever. And Lastly I do hereby appoint my son William W. Colly Executor to this my last will and testament hereby revoking all other wills heretofore made by me. In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this the ninth day of March 1833.


William   Colley (seal)


In the presents of these witnesses

Sam’l R. Simpson
William N. Lee
Charles S. Ligon

In an 1835 “list of non-commssioned officers and soldiers of the Virginia Line on Continental Establishment whose names appear on the Army register and who have not received bounty land” was “Colley, William, Soldier, Inf.”

William Colley died at Cumberland County by 26 February 1844.

At a Court held for Cumberland County the 26th day of February 1844 A Writing purporting the Last Will and testament of William Colley deceased bearing date the 9th day of March 1833, was this day again produced in Court by William W. Colley the Executor in said Will named in order to be proved. And Elijah W. Colly, Joseph A. Jenkins and wife and Lawrence Blanton in his own right and as Guardian for Catharine Ann Colley, appeared and opposed the proof of said Will. Whereupon divers witnesses were sworn and examined, Depositions seal, and the parties aforesaid by counsel fully heard. On consideration whereof it is the opinion of the Court, that the said Wm. Colley deceased, at the time of executing the said will aforesaid dated the 9th day of March 1833 was of sound and disposing mind and memory; and that he was under no undue influence. And William N. Lee, one of the surviving Witnesses to said Will having testified in Court, that the said William Colley signed and published the said Will in his presence, and as for his last will and testament, that he subscirbed his name as a witness thereto, in the presence of the said testator, and at his request and that the said testator was of sound sense and memory as far as he knew or believed, and having also testified that he saw Samuel R. Simpson and Charles S. Ligon the other witnesses to said Will subscirbe their names thereto also in the presence of the said testator, and at his request, and the hand writing of Samuel R. Simpson one of the witnesses to said Will, who is now dead proved by Leonard B. Simpson. It was ordered that the said writing be recorded, as the last Will and testament of the said William Colley deceased. And Elijah W. Colley, Joseph H. Jenkins and Julia his wife and Lawrence Blanton in his own right and as Guardian for Catharine Ann Colley prayed an appeal to the Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery for Cumberland County, and the said Lawrence Blanton, having entered into bond with William Holeman his security, the appeal is allowed. And at a Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery continued and held for Cumberland County, at the Courthouse of said County, on the 30th day of August 1844 came the parties by their attorneys. Whereupon the transcrip_ of the record of the said County Court of Cumberland being seen and inspected, and sundry witnesses examined, ot seems to the Court here, that there is no error in the order of the siad County Court, admitting to record the will of the said William Colley, Therefore it is ordered that the same be affirmed.

And at a Court held for said County the 23rd day of September 1844, On the motion of William W. Colley Executor in said will named, who made oath thereto, and together with Wm. B. B. Walker and Wm. Phaup his securities entered into and acknowledged a bond in the penalty of Eight thousand dollars conditioned as the law directs a certificate is granted the said William W. Colley for obtaining a probat_ of said will in due form.

Teste   B. B. Woodson, C.

Children of William and Martha (—–) Colley [or Corley]:

  • 192.1. William W. Colley.
  • 192.2. Elijah W. Colley [96], born about 1790.
  • 192.3. Elizabeth Colley.
  • 192.4. Diannah Colley, born about 1786.
  • 192.5. Gill[e]y Colley, born about 1787.
  • 192.6. Julia [or Judith] Colley.


  • —, “Cumberland County, Virginia: 1800 Tax List,” Virginia Genealogist 17[1973]:198.
  • —, Cumberland County, Virginia, Will Book 3, page 216, transcribed by Luster Earl Colley.
  • —, Cumberland County, Virginia, Will Book 11, page 32, transcribed by Julie Coley, as found at “Will of William Colley,” at, accessed 31 August 2009.
  • —, Cumberland County, Virginia, Will Book 11, page 32, transcribed by Luster Earl Colley.
  • —, “Local Notices from the Virginia Gazette: Richmond, 1784,” Virginia Genealogist 30[1986]:35.
  • —, “Local Notices from the Virginia Gazette: Richmond, 1785,” Virginia Genealogist 32[1988]:194.
  • Elizabeth Petty Bentley, Index to the 1810 Census of Virginia (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1980).
  • Julie Williams Coley, “WilliamsC,” at, accessed 13 September 2009.
  • Jim Corley, “Descendants of Richard Corley,” at, accessed 16 August 1998.
  • Lynn DeRider Olivier, “Descendants of Richard Corley of VA,” at, created 1 March 1998.
  • Nita [Rueth], “The Colley Surname Message Board,” at, posted 3 August 2000.
  • United States Census Office, Heads of Families at the First Census of the United States Taken in the Year 1790: Records of the State Enumerations: 1782 to 1785: Virginia (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1986), page 67.

Nicholas March and Martha —–

Posted in Martha (-----) March, Martha -----, Nicholas March by Gregg Mattocks on 2 August 2009

Nicholas March [1026]

Father: perhaps John March [2052]

Mother: perhaps Rebecca —– [2053]

Mattocks Family Heritage entry

Martha —– [1027]

Father: unknown [2054]

Mother: unknown [2055]

Mattocks Family Heritage entry


Nicholas March [1026] reportedly came to America from Stepney Parish (Shadwell), county Middlesex, England.  He was perhaps related to John March of Charlestown, Massachusetts, and might possibly have been his son.  However, John March died by 17 (11) 1665 [17 January 1666] when his will was proved, and he made no mention of Nicholas March or his family in his will.  Nonetheless, it should be noted that John March’s homelot was on the same small “block” in Charlestown as the homelot of William Dady. William Dady was the second husband of Martha March, Nicholas’s widow. Further, John March hailed from Stepney, county Middlesex. Nicholas March is said to have come from Stepney, and Nicholas’s son William was at Stepney when he wrote his will. If not Nicholas’s father, the evidence points to John having been a near relative.

Nicholas married, probably in England, as her first husband, by about 1659, Martha —— [1027].  Martha was born about 1632.  Nicholas and Martha settled at Charlestown, Massachusetts.  Martha was admitted to the church at Charlestown, Massachusetts, 22 March 1668.

Nicholas died by June 1670 and Martha was left a widow.

In an article for the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Anne Borden Harding speculated about the identity of the widow, “cousin March,” mentioned in the will of Francis Willoughby, Deputy Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Willoughby’s will was written 4 June 1670 and proved 10 April 1671.  William Sheafe, on 4 September 1683, purchased the house “in which he now dwells” from Lawrence Hammond, executor and “cousin” of Francis Willoughby.  The property was described as the house and “3 ft. land the whole breadth of house at S W end of the lane behind house—N E, Z.L. [Zachariah Long]; N W, highway; S E, W.J. [W. Jamison]; land from highway to W.J. is 18 ft. broad; S W, Hammond’s wharf.”  In 1684, Hammond sold to Sheafe “3 ft. added to former lot, whole breadth of west end of dwelling house towards little Dock.”  This house was the same as that mentioned in the Deputy Governor’s will: “To cousin March—liberty, during her widowhood, to live in and make use of the house in which she now dwells, rent free.”  Since William Sheafe came into possession of this house, Harding theorized that the widow March became the second wife of William Sheafe, whose given name was known to be Mary.

Harding stated that the only widow March known to exist in Charlestown at this time was Anna, widow of John.  But our Martha March was widowed of her first husband by at least 29 June 1670, when she remarried. It seems likely that she would have been a widow a mere 25 days earlier when Francis Willoughby composed his will.  Nicholas and Martha March’s son, William, was to be found in the parish of Stepney, county Middlesex, when he wrote his will 29 October 1694.  John March, possibly the father of Nicholas March, was known to have come to Charlestown from Stepney.  Stepney is the ancestral home of the Willoughby family.  William March was involved in the shipping industry.  Maritime occupations were common in the Willoughby family.  William March’s will was witnessed by a Jane Willoughby, as yet unidentified.  William’s sister Marah married mariner Thomas Jenner.  About 1677, Captain Jenner’s ship, on its way to America, had as a passenger Francis Willoughby, son of Deputy Governor Willoughby.  Young Francis died aboard the ship.

Martha married second, as his second wife, 29 June 1670, at Charlestown, William Dady. William Dady, butcher, was born about 1605. In England, William was a resident of Wanstead, county Essex. He may have come to New England with the Winthrop Fleet. He was admitted as an inhabitant of Charlestown in 1630. William was one of the original members of the Boston church. On 14 October 1632, he was dismissed to participate in the organization of the Charlestown church, and was admitted as a founding member of that church on 2 November 1632. In 1632, William “did help to dig sod & carry it to build the fort at Charlstowne.” On 1 April 1633, he became a freeman at Charlestown.

William had married first, perhaps early in 1633, Dorothy ——. Dorothy was admitted to the Charlestown church on 31 (6) 1633 [31 August 1633]. William and Dorothy had three children. William appeared on lists of inhabitants of Charlestown on 9 January 1633/4 and in January 1635/6.

In 1635, William was granted Lot 49, between Thomas Squire and George Felch, a half-acre of meadow at Mystic Field. In that year, William was one of those who surrendered five acres of their ten-acre grant on Mystic Side. Also in that year, William was granted two hay lots. On 22 June 1635, William “was consented to have a houseplot next Goo[dman] Brackenboro.” On 6 March 1636/7, William was granted land in the “First Division of lands on Mistickeside.” In 1637, William owned ten acres “lot no. 20, Mystic side.” In that year, William was granted a “common for two milch cows.” On 23 April 1638, William received a grant of land from Charlestown on the north side of Mystic River, called at this time Mystic Side, later to become Malden and parts of other towns. William received Lot 51, containing five acres on Mystic Side, and thirty acres “above the Ponds.” The grant indicated that he had previously received a five-acre grant (on 6 March 1636/7).

The 1638 Charlestown Book of Possessions showed William with several lots of land, including a house at Charlestown on the east side of Mill Hill, two lots of two acres each at Eastfield on Charlestown Neck, two cow commons, half an acre of meadow on the North River, five acres of woods on the South River, another five acres of woods, and 35 acres at Waterfield.

In 1651, William bought lots of T. Allen. In the same year, William bought, of R. Trerice, two hay-lots on Mystic River. Before 17 March 1656, William served as one of the attorneys of Mrs. Palsgrave. William’s first wife Dorothy died 8 April 1670.

William and Martha Dady had two children, William and Abigail.  On 6 October 1676, William sold to Benjamin Switzer, “two parcels of upland and meadow in Charlestown containing about fifteen and a half acres.”  In 1676, William purchased of Mary Founell, one-eighth interest in a mill.  In 1677, William was instructed to build 9¼ poles of fence.  On 18 January 1677/8, William sold to John Greenland, five acres at Malden, Massachusetts.  On 30 April 1679, William and Martha sold to Joses Bucknam “a parcel of marsh or meadow lying on Mysticside in Charlestown.”  William, aged 74, testified before the legislature on 11 August 1679 that he had aided in 1632 in the construction of the Charlestown fort.

On 4 February 1679/80, “William Daudy and Martha his wife, & John Drinker, in behalf of their sons: and Sarah Mirick in behalf of her husband, all of Charlestowne,” petitioned the General Court in behalf of their “relations [who] were taken by the Algerines the last year.”  The captive relation was undoubtedly William March, Martha’s child by her first marriage.  On 26 February 1679/80, William and Martha sold land at Charlestown on Back Street to Martha’s son-in-law, John George.  On 24 May 1680, Martha petitioned the legislature again, without her husband, she “having one son in captivity with the Turks these eighteen months past … there being many others with him in the like bondage and that of New England birth, and your poor petitioner’s son fatherless.”  The Court declined to act in the matter.  On 6 April 1681, William and Martha Dady sold a cow common on Menotomy River to Thomas Lord. In that year, William received a grant of seven commons.  Also in 1681, William drew lot 37, comprising ten acres.

Under the heading of “Offices,” William was listed as “const. surveyor clerk of the market.”

William Dady of Charlestown, butcher, wrote his will 3 February 1681/2.  He bequeathed to “my beloved wife Martha Dady” his entire estate for life, but if she remarry her thirds only; after wife’s decease or marriage, to “my son W[illia]m Dady the new dwelling house wherein I now live and three acres of ground in the field, two acres of the said land … being between the land of Zacariah Johnson and John Cuttler Junior and one acre more … being on the hill which I bought of Dannell Sheperson and also the salt marsh that lyeth by Georg Blanchard’s and five cow commons in the stinted common on this side Mistick Bridge and half of my eighth part in the mill and the half of both my woodlots on the other side Mistick Bridge with the ground belonging to the said house & barn”; to “my daughter Abigall Dady the little house in which now John Melven liveth with the ground as it is now fenced running down to John George’s ground and the other half of my eighth part of the mill and two cows commons in the foresaid stinted common on this side Mistick Bridge and the other half of the woodlots on the other side Mistick Bridge and also I do give her the use of the pump and to have liberty for water”; to “all my wife’s children by her former husband all the goods that she brought with her”; to “my beloved wife Martha Dady” a parcel of land which she may sell, and if there be £10 left in wife’s hands at her decease “I give it unto my daughter-in-law Mara March”; if either son William or daughter Abigail dies without issue, then entire estate to go to the other, and if both die without issue, then estate to be divided equally among wife’s children by former husband; wife Martha Dady executor and John Whitman and William Clough to be overseers.

William died 10 April 1682, aged 77. His will was proved 20 June 1682. The inventory of William’s estate, taken 26 April 1682, included:

the thirty-two part of the Sea Adventer, valued at £20
real estate valued at £532 18s.
the dwelling house and ground and barn £150
the dwelling house now rented £55
land one acre on the hill £20
more or less two acres in the field £40 5s.
an acre and a half of land in the field £20 5s.
seven cow commons £35 8s.
the new division land in the common £50
seven acres of salt marsh by Blancher’s £42
an eighth part of the tide mill £100
the two woodlots £20

On 29 May 1682, Martha sold to Peter Tufts “ten acres and a half in Charlestown.”  On 10 March 1683, she sold to Joseph and Samuel Kettle “one and a half acres in the East Field in Charlestown.”  In 1684, Martha agreed with D. Edmands to divide the land between their houses. In 1685, she was granted 24½ acres. Martha then sold several more parcels of land to Peter Tuft. In 1685, Martha sold to Peter, three commons on the east side of Menotomy River. In 1687, Martha sold to Peter, for the purpose of rebuilding an old mill belonging to her children, three acres of their land[?]. In 1687, Martha, with her children William and Abigail Dady, sold to Peter, two more acres. In 1691, Martha, William, and Abigail Dady sold to Peter, four cow commons, comprising two acres. Martha was granted administration of the estate of her son William March, probably by 12 September 1695, when the inventory of his estate was returned. In 1699, Martha, William Dady, Jr., his wife Sarah, and Abigail sold to E. Bateman, 22 acres. In 1700/1, Martha, William, and Abigail sold to W. Jamison and Samuel Phipps, one-eighth of mills.

Martha died 13 January 1708/9 at Charlestown, aged 76.

Children of Nicholas and Martha (——) March:

  • 1026.1. Elizabeth, born about 1659.
  • 1026.2. William, born about 1662.
  • 1026.3. Ann [513], born about 1663.
  • 1026.4. Mariah, born 22 October 1666.
  • 1026.5. Martha, born about 1668.

Children of William and Dorothy (——) Dady:

  • a. Benjamin, baptized 24 (1) 1635 [24 March 1635].
  • b. Nathaniel, baptized 22 (11) 1636 [22 January 1637].
  • c. Zachariah, born 16 (3) 1644 [16 May 1644].

Children of William and Martha (—–) Dady:

  • 1027.a.  William, born 10 April 1671. 
  • 1027.b.  Abigail, born 31 October 1672.


  • —, “Ancestry World Tree,” at
  • —, “Charlestown Land,” Great Migration Newsletter 2[1991]:6.
  • Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633 (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society), 2[1995]:505-08.
  • Peter Wilson Coldham, American Wills and Administrations in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 1610-1857 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1989), page 204.
  • Ralph J. Crandall and Ralph J. Coffman, “From Emigrants to Rulers: The Charlestown Oligarchy in the Great Migration,” New England Historical and Genealogical Register 131[1977]:20, 27, 129.
  • Kimball G. Everingham, “Col. William Willoughby and Family in Stepney,” American Genealogist 56[1980]:12-13.
  • John Farmer and Samuel G. Drake, A Genealogical Register of the First Settlers of New-England (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1969), page 76.
  • Isaac J. Greenwood, “The Willoughby Family of New-England,” New England Historical and Genealogical Register 30[1876]:67-77.
  • Anne Borden Harding, “William Sheafe of Charlestown, Mass.,” New England Historical and Genealogical Register 125[1971]:57-58.
  • James F. Hunnewell, “The First Record-Book of the First Church in Charlestown, Massachusetts,” New England Historical and Genealogical Register 23[1869]:284.
  • Alfred. W. Little, Records of the Emigrant James Mattocks Who Settled in Boston, Massachusetts in the 1600s and of Some of His Descendants Who Migrated to Chautauqua County, New York (Silver Spring, Maryland: unpublished manuscript, 1996), page 4.
  • Edward W. McGlenen, Boston Marriages From 1700 to 1809: 1752-1809 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1977), page 291.
  • Charles Henry Pope, The Pioneers of Massachusetts: A Descriptive List, Drawn from Records of the Colonies, Towns and Churches, and Other Contemporaneous Documents (Boston: Charles H. Pope, 1900), pages 128, 429, 503.
  • Clarence Almon Torrey, New England Marriages Prior to 1700 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1987), page 488.
  • Henry E. Waite, “The Waite Family of Boston, Mass.,” New England Historical and Genealogical Register 31[1877]:421-23.
  • Henry F. Waters, “Genealogical Gleanings in England,” New England Historical and Genealogical Register 39[1885]:336.
  • Henry F. Waters, “Passengers and Vessels That Have Arrived in America: No. VII, Capt. Jenner’s Ship, 1677 or 1678,” New England Historical and Genealogical Register 31[1877]:309-310.
  • Thomas Bellows Wyman, Genealogies and Estates of Charlestown, in the County of Middlesex and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 1629-1818 (Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, Inc., 1991), pages 271-73, 461-62, 654-55.