An Inheritance of Ghosts

Frederick William Wears and Mary Jane Carver

Posted in Frederick William Wears, Mary Jane (Carver) Wears, Mary Jane Carver by Gregg Mattocks on 28 December 2009

Revised 31 December 2009.

Frederick William Wears [14]

Father: John Thomas Wears [28]

Mother: Mary Elizabeth Raney [29]

Mattocks Family Heritage entry

Mary Jane Carver [15]

Father: John Morgan Carver [30]

Mother: Sarah Emaline Todd [31]

Mattocks Family Heritage entry


Frederick William Wears [14] was born 4 May 1887 at Mt. Zion, Osage Township, Henry County, Missouri, the youngest of ten children of his parents. Attendant at the birth was M.B. Taylor of Brownington, Henry County.

In June 1900, Frederick W., aged 13, was living with his parents and three siblings at Butler Township, St. Clair County, Missouri. The census of that year recorded that Fred was employed as a farm laborer (probably on his father’s farm), and had attended school during seven of the previous twelve months.

As a young man, Fred learned the barber trade. An oration prepared for his funeral stated that he had “followed his trade for brief intervals in Colorado, Oklahoma, and Kansas.” It is thought he must have worked in Colorado beofre his marriage, as his children do not remember him working there during their lifetimes. Fred may also have worked in Oklahoma prior to his marriage.

Fred joined the Brotherhood of American Yeoman as member number 164420 on 9 January 1909. The Brotherhood was a fraternal insurance society organized in Iowa in 1897. “The society was popular from the start, the founder evidently having formed a plan of mutual insurance that seemed reasonable and just and which provided for a surplus fund for reserve.” Headquartered at Des Moines, Iowa, the order had “an entertaining ritualistic ceremony of adoption, the work being taken principally from [Sir Walter] Scott’s ‘Ivanhoe.’” Members were known as Archers and the lodges were called Homesteads. “[T]here was a strong Christian element to the Rituals and Ceremonies, which also praised the Magna Carta and the English language.” In 1917, the Brotherhood changed its financial footing to assure greater stability. In 1932, it was transformed into the Mutual Life Insurance Company.

In April 1910, Fred, aged 22 and single, was living with his parents at Butler Township. The census of that year recorded that he was working as a barber in a barbershop. The census also revealed that, during the year 1909, Fred had been out of work for 12 weeks. 

Fred married, 9 April 1916, Mary Jane Carver [15]. The couple were married by James Madison Hawkins, a Minister of the Gospel, at his residence in Butler Township. Husband and wife were both recorded as residents of Lowry City, St. Clair County, at the time of their marriage.

Mary was probably born 16 September 1887 near Roscoe, St. Clair County, though the 1900 Census gives her birth as January 1888. Either way, it would appear that Mary was born out of wedlock, as her parents were not married until 23 October 1888.

As children, Mary Jane and her sister Della had two tomcats. The girls would play with the cats during the day, often dressing them up. At night, however, the two cats, who had gotten along so well during the day, had to be put outside at different doors or they would immediately begin fighting.

In June 1900, Mary, aged 12 and attending school, was living with her parents at Osceola Township, St. Clair County. Also in the household were Mary’s sister Della and her uncle Harry H. Carver.

In April 1910, Mary, a dressmaker, aged 22, was living with her parents at Lowry City. Also in the household was Mary’s sister Juanita.

Early in life, Mary united with the Baptist Church of Roscoe. On 4 September 1913, the Appleton City Journal reported that “Miss Mary Carver returned to her home at Lowry City Saturday, after a few days visit with the family of her aunt, Mrs. Harry Carver of this city.” At one time before her marriage, Mary Jane traveled to Nebraska with her “cousin” Ada [Delozier?], where both worked as seamstresses. The two — while still unmarried — also
worked at the Emery-Bird-Thayer department store in Kansas City, Missouri. Ada later married a Mr. Langford.

With World War I under way, Fred Wears registered for the military draft on 5 June 1917. His physical description at the time was given as tall and stout, with brown eyes and hair though he was bald. He was a resident of Lowry City and self-employed as a barber there. Fred claimed exemption from service on the grounds he had a wife and child to support. In the end, he did not serve in the military.

Fred purchased a new car some time during the First World War. The story goes that Fred bought the vehicle believing that his mother would be able to use it to get around a little better. Unfortunately, his mother became ill riding in the car. However, Fred’s sister Illa took a liking to the car and frequently drove it. Fred was one of many family members present when his mother died at her Lowy City home in March 1919.

In January 1920, Fred W., a homeowner and self-employed barber, aged 32, was living with his wife Mary, aged 32, at Lowry City. Also in the household were their children Doris and Glenn. Next door lived William R. Douglas, a distant relation, who was also employed as a barber. It is believed that Fred and William shared a shop together at this time. Also nearby lived Fred’s brother Thad.

According to Fred and Mary Jane’s daughter Doris, shortly after the census of 1920 the family moved to Higgins, Lipscomb County, Texas. It is thought that Fred’s brother George already lived there at the time. Higgins was located about two miles from the Oklahoma border “in the heart of the North Texas grasslands of the early cattle ranges.” The town was a stop on the Santa Fe Railroad, and by 1888 boasted a post office, school, saloon, hotel, livery stable, and several stores. It soon became a major cattle-shipping point and grain marketing center. Dust storms and tornados plagued the town. It might have been that Fred worked as a barber just over the state line in Oklahoma, as the oration prepared for his funeral stated that he had worked in that state for a brief time.

From Higgins, the family moved to Kansas City, Kansas, where Fred worked as a barber on Minnesota Avenue, one of Kansas City’s major streets. The Wears family lived in the lower level of a house, and the upper level was occupied by the family of Mary Jane’s sister, Juanita La Rue. Juanita’s young daughter Marjorie would sit on Fred’s lap at dinner every night. The family remained at Kansas City long enough for daughter Doris to attend kindergarten there. Then Fred’s father John Thomas Wears offered to buy his son a cow and pay him $10 a month, in return for which Fred would move his family back to Lowry City to take care of John Thomas. Carol Mattocks wrote:

I know approximately where the house was that he [John Thomas Wears] lived in after he moved to L.C. and Fred’s family lived with him. It was southeast of the center of L.C. There is a Moran farm that is on the south of it. I always thought from what Mom said I knew what property it was and Uncle Leo mentioned that the Morans (my aunt by marriage family, that is Gene Colley’s wife Mary) lived to the south. [W]hat I didn’t ask and don’t know if he owned the property…. The place they lived with him was big enough they had a cow and maybe more.

On 14 May 1925, Fred purchased some insurance from the Equitable Life Insurance Company of New York, New York. Fred worked long hours at his barber shop in Lowry City. On weekdays, he would open at seven in the morning and would usually close after dark. On Saturday nights, he would usually keep the shop open until after midnight. Son Glenn began shining shoes at the shop when he was about eight years old. Later on, the boy also sold popcorn. Sometimes after getting off work on Saturday nights, Fred and Glenn would go to the Osceola, St. Clair County, dam and fish until eight or nine in the morning. Granddaughter Carol Mattocks remembered that Fred worked at one time with Reed Douglas, who was also a barber, as well as being the son of Fred’s sister-in-law Effie Wears.

Fred’s father John Thomas Wears died in March 1930. According to Doris Colley, John Thomas left part of his couple acres at Lowry City to Fred. Daughter Doris remembered that, when her grandfather John Thomas Wears died in March 1930, he left his house to Fred because Fred was the only child who had paid back all the debts he owed his father. According to Doris, her family then lived at the house until just before her brother John was born.

In April 1930, Fred W., a barber, aged 42, was living with his wife Mary J., aged 42, along with their five children, on Fifth Street in Lowry City. The census of that year recorded that the Wears home was valued at $1500. Son Glenn described the location of the family home as “just east of downtown L.C., very close to the railroad tracks. Neighbors were Longs and Bond.”

Around this time, Mary Jane was diagnosed with tuberculosis and went to stay at the Missouri State Sanatorium at Mount Vernon, Lawrence County, Missouri, west of Springfield. The Sanatorium, located on Chigger Hill, was established in 1907 to treat the “White Plague” or consumption, common names for tuberculosis. The 200-acre site was chosen because of its rural location, pure air, available water, abundance of shade trees, its ability to supply agricultural and dairy needs, and its elevation. The original plan for the Sanatorium, which later came to be known as “The Hill”, “called for a total of 12 buildings to be grouped in the form of a Maltese cross, eight of the buildings, or villas, were to house patients with the remaining ones to be used for administration and support services.”

Pulmonary tuberculosis is a “chronic communicable bacterial disease.” Symptoms include blood-streaked sputum, fatigue, weight loss, fever, sweating or chills at night, chronic cough, and aching chest pain. The symptoms typically “do not alarm the host until the disease is far advanced.” Before the 1940’s, a diagnosis of tuberculosis “was often a death sentence.” In those days, many did not appreciate that tuberculosis was an infectious disease. It was thought to be hereditary, a “constitutional malady.” It is not known how Mary Jane contracted the disease.

A diagnosis of tuberculosis often meant impending death and the only known treatment for it was fresh air, sunshine, nutrition and bed rest. To keep the disease from spreading, patients were isolated from society.

Admission to the Sanatorium was limited to Missouri residents, but those unable to pay for their care could apply for free admission. The applicant to become a free patient first made an affidavit with his County Court, “supporting such application by statement of family physician, and by two residents as to his inability to pay for care at the sanatorium.” With the Court’s approval, the applicant then received forms from the Sanatorium, which would then decide if the applicant were acceptable. Free patients were given priority, but pay patients were also accepted, the rate in 1941 being $50 per month.

The Sanatorium kept a herd of Holstein cattle to produce milk for the patients and employees. “Colored” patients were treated in a separate villa. As part of the treatment at the hospital, the tuberculosis patients had to sleep at night on screened-in porches, even in the dead of winter. One twenty-five-year-old woman at “The Hill” wrote:

I feel like a different person…. I still don’t get to get up only twice a week when I take a bath and the nurse changes my bed, then I have to get right in a chair and sit there until she gets my bed made and then right back to bed. I get so tired. It will be five weeks Tuesday since I walked over 10 steps at a time…. from the way they are doing me I was surely in a bad shape when I came here.

While his wife was in the hospital, Fred took care of the children, making their breakfasts, and getting them ready for school. Daughter Doris had to help out a lot during Mary Jane’s absence. Doris resented the burden placed upon her, and came to feel at this time that her brother Glenn was her father’s “favorite”.

Miraculously, in a short time Mary Jane recovered, and, about 1935, the family moved to Vista, St. Clair County, leaving son Glenn with his Carver grandparents near Lowry City. Fred bought a farm at Vista and also worked there as a barber. Son Harold began school while the family was there. Unfortunately, Fred found he could not make a decent living at Vista. In 1936, the family moved again to Kansas City, Kansas. Son Glenn soon came to join the family there after his graduation from high school at Lowry City. In Kansas City, Fred reportedly used the last of the family’s savings to purchase a service station that he and Glenn operated. But neither Fred nor Glenn had much “mechanics knowledge,” so that venture was soon abandoned. Fred at first opposed Glenn’s desire to join the Marines, but — with Mary Jane’s support — Glenn soon got his way. Glenn enlisted in October 1936, leaving the family once again. Fred’s daughter Doris thought Fred may have worked for a time in Kansas City for the Works Progress Administration.

Fred and family returned to St. Clair County — this time to the town of Osceola — by September 1937 for, on the 22nd of that month, Mary Jane’s mother Emma wrote from Gerster, St. Clair County, to her daughter Della that “Freds folks was here sunday Doris was home.”

On 30 September 1937, the St. Clair County Democrat of Osceola reported on a contest:

A contest of children from 2 to 8 years old has been arranged to be held in connection with the play Coast To Coast, which is being presented October 1st and 2nd, under the auspices of the Tuesday club. Various merchants in town are sponsoring a child and ballot boxes have been placed in the store sponsoring the baby. Votes will be a penny each, and the vote can be dropped in the ballot box…. Each of the winners of the popularity contest will be presented with a Wright-Dayton airplane glider through the courtesy of the Quaker Oats Co., cooperating with The Democrat. There will be one for the boy winner and one for the girl winner.

Among the merchants listed as sponsoring an entrant was the Garrison and Wears Barber Shop, whose entrant was Paul Brown.

In a letter of 19 November 1937 to Della, Emma expressed her deep concern over the strange behavior of Mary Jane’s father John Morgan Carver. She went on to write that “[I] guess Freds will be down Thanksgiving or Xmas when doris can get off. they have 3 hens here we will have one when they come | Xmas if nothing happen.”

A few days later, on 23 November 1937, Emma wrote again to Della, elaborating on her trials with John Morgan. She also wrote, perhaps in reference to her daughter, “Mary and the children have all been sick with sore throats and her face hurts her so bad.”

The following day, Emma again wrote to Della, this time from Osceola, St. Clair County:

Dad [John Morgan Carver] has got so I cant stay at home with him So Bert [Todd] brought us to osceola to Freds this morning all they could do was to take him to the county home [or?] Jail, untill the sixth of Dec…. Mary is sick in bed Flue I guess…. Bert cried like a child, I and Mary left the room before they came.

On 29 November, Emma reported from Osceola that “Fred took Doris an me to See John yesterday…. when we started [to leave?] they helped him up stairs, he never new we was there I guess…. Mary is up now.” Emma returned to Gerster, where she wrote to Della in a letter dated “Tuesday morn.”

Fred and I went yesterday at 10oclock, to see if he [John Morgan Carver] could make his mark, he was in Bed. he seemed to understand what we wanted, and knew us, he called Freds name twice, but just talked about things he didnt know what he was saying, but able to raise up and make his mark by Fred helping him. when we started he said he thot we was going to take him, I said lay down we are going to the Bank to cash your pension check we covered him up, he never knew we was going I don’t think, after we was there the Dr went to see him…. they will notify Fred if any thing happens. I couldnt do him any good staying there any longer and they are so crouded and Fred fussing around trying to get things to going.

By 10 December 1937, Emma was at Gerster preparing for John Morgan’s release. About that time, Emma wrote, “Bert will take me to Freds sun morning and help Ben and Fred all he can.” On 22 December, John was still in confinement at Osceola. On that date, Emma wrote that “Bert went to osceola today saw fred. he had shaved the Dr. he said John was just about the same maybe a little weaker.”

When Mary Jane’s father finally died, she did not at first tell her daughter Doris the news, because Mary Jane wanted to spare Doris the expense of attending the funeral.

In a letter of 19 July 1938 from Gerster, Mary Jane’s mother wrote to her daughter Della that:

Earl Marton had been to see Fred. Fred is on Johns note for $160 Dollars for them sorrel horses. John sold them to Earl or Earl got the buyer for them and Johns best set of harness. John got $125.00 for them. he still owes Martin $60.00[.]

Apparently, Earl had visited Fred to collect on the $60 debt John Morgan Carver owed, as Fred had presumably provided security for the debt. Shortly after writing the above letter, Mary Jane’s mother became ill and was taken to the hospital at Weaubleau, St. Clair County, on 27 July 1938. Mary Jane, “of Osceola,” accompanied Emma to Weaubleau. Mother and daughter were apparently together when Emma died on Friday, 29 July 1938. That night Fred traveled to Weaubleau to bring his wife home. They undoubtedly attended Emma’s funeral the following Sunday at King’s Prairie Church in St. Clair County.

Fred and Mary were living at Lowry City by about June 1939, when the Secretary of the St. Clair County Agricultural Conservation Association sent to Mary Jane’s sister Della an application for a wheat parity price adjustment payment for Della’s farm. Under the 1939 Agricultural Conservation Program, the federal government was making payments to provide assistance to farmers who might have fallen on hard times because of floods, drought, and the poor economy. According to the information found on the application, Della, of Lowry City, had a one-third share in the farm, with the other two-thirds belonging to her brother-in-law Fred Wears, also of Lowry City. Two and one-half acres had been allotted on this farm for wheat production in 1939, but Fred and Della had for some reason been unable to plant any at all. (They had not planted any wheat in the preceding year either.) Fred and Della were therefore eligible to receive a total payment of $3.07 from the Price Adjustment Program. It is not clear if the application were ever submitted, or if payment was actually received.

The Lowry City house in which the Wears lived at this time would, in later years, become the home of Vess and Juanita LaRue (Juanita being Mary Jane’s sister). The LaRues would eventually pass the house along to their daughter Marj and her husband Warren Keeling. Eventually the house would be occupied by Gene Colley and his wife. Gene was the brother of Earl Colley, Fred and Mary Jane’s son-in-law. About 1942, it was reported that “Mr. Wears is a barber and Mrs. Wears finds pleasure in managing their six-acre farm and the livestock it supports.” About this time, their son Glenn, aged 23, was cited for his brave actions at Pearl Harbor, Territory of Hawaii, during the attack of 7 December 1941. Fred and Mary Jane then had in their possession the citation earned by Glenn as well as his letters of commendation from Admiral C.W. Nimitz. On 29 Ocotber 1942, Fred, at Lowry City, signed an affidavit in registering for a delayed or special certificate of birth for himself. As supporting evidence for his registration, Fred submitted documents from the Equitable Life Insurance Company, the Brotherhood of American Yeomen, and an affidavit from his uncle [Sam?] Raney.

Shortly after registering for the birth certificate, Fred sold the Wears home in Lowry City and moved his family to the Fairmount community near Kansas City, Missouri. Fred began working for the Lake City Arsenal.

Fred and Mary Jane’s daughter Doris and granddaughter Carol Colley came to live with the family at Fairmount. Carol remembered that the house was very nice, and recalled a piano there which was played by Fred and Mary Jane’s daughter Helen. The enlarged family later moved to another home nearby that was located near some railroad tracks. According to Carol, every morning either Fred or Mary Jane would get up early and prepare biscuits for breakfast. These would be consumed with sorghum or with Karo syrup and butter. Also for breakfast, there would be bacon or other pork, and “grease gravy.”

The 1946 edition of Polk’s Independence (Jackson County, Missouri) City Directory listed Fred and Mary living at 9426 East 7th in Fairmount, Jackson County, Missouri. In reality, the couple had returned to Lowry City by fall of 1945. The 7th street address was the same as that given in the directory for Fred and Mary’s daughter Doris and her husband Earl Colley. Also listed in the household was Doris’s sister Helen Wears. In the directory, Fred was recorded as being a mach(inist) adj(uster) for the Remington Arms Company.

With the end of the war, Fred returned to the Lowry City area — leaving his family behind — and began construction of a new home on some property he had reportedly purchased “for practically nothing” at an auction several years earlier. He may have lived in a tent as he worked. He had no car and often had to settle for inferior building materials because of post-war shortages. Brother-in-law Bill Bagley helped with some of the interior finish work on the house. When the family finally moved in, there was still tar-paper on the floors. Fred sorted through the second-grade hardwood, utilizing the wood that had the fewest flaws in the living room, while reserving the remainder for the bedrooms. In the end, however, the bedroom floors were more pleasing because of the very flaws Fred had tried to avoid in the living room. Granddaughter Carol Colley moved to Lowry City with her grandparents but Carol’s mother Doris remained in Kansas City with her work. It is thought that Fred and Mary Jane’s daughter Helen also remained in Kansas City when the rest of the family returned to Lowry City.

Carol remembered that, while she was with her grandparents in Lowry City, the family was frequently visited by Fred’s niece Myrtle and her husband Weaver Church. Myrtle and Weaver “lived on a huge wheat farm in Kansas.” Carol recalled they had the first air-conditioned car she had ever seen. Carol also remembered going with her grandfather to the feed store owned by Arthur “Art” Armstrong in Lowry City. There, Fred would buy feed for his animals and also sell cream and eggs. Fred continued to cut people’s hair, working part-time at the Hinkle Barbershop in Lowry City.

Shortly after the birth of grandson Glenn Carver Wears in August 1949, Fred and Mary Jane visited their son Glenn in California, having photographs taken along the coast. On 26 August 1950, Glenn visited Lowry City. A photograph of that date shows the following people gathered together there: Fred; Fred and Mary Jane’s sons Glenn, John, and Harold; their daughter Doris Colley; Glenn’s son Glenn Carver; and Doris’s daughter Carol.

A photograph of 11 September 1950 shows Fred and Mary Jane with their sons John and Harold, their daughters Doris and Helen, Doris’s daughter Carol, Mary Jane’s brother-in-law Sylvester La Rue, and Harold’s future wife Gloria Hadsall.

About June 1955, Mary Jane joined her sisters Della and Juanita for a photograph.

Fred became ill toward the end of May 1957, and soon checked into the Clinton General Hospital at Clinton, Henry County. Frederick William Wears died at the hospital at 4:25 p.m. on 28 June 1957, aged 70 years, 1 month, and 24 days. Funeral services were conducted by the Reverend R.O. Scott on Sunday, 30 June 1957, at 2:30 p.m. at the Goodrich Chapel. Funeral arrangements were handled by the Goodrich Funeral Home of Osceola, St. Clair County, Missouri. Burial was at the Lowry City Cemetery. Photographs from the funeral show that a tent was erected over the burial site, and that the cemetery itself was on flat open ground. A tree was growing close by Fred’s grave.It was noted that Fred had worked as a barber throughout all of his adult life except for a short period during World War II.

Fred was a quiet, friendly man, well liked by those who knew him. He was a good husband and father and will be greatly missed, not only by the members of the bereaved family, but by a host of friends in the Lowry City community.

Photographs of Fred and Mary Jane reveal him to have been a tall, somewhat overweight man with long legs. His face was round and his expression benevolent. Mary Jane, thin and much shorter than her husband, had her hair combed back from her face and wore eyeglasses upon an arched nose.

Mary didn’t drive and the Wears farm was a considerable distance from town so, after the death of her husband, Mary Jane went to live with her daughter Doris in Kansas City They rented an apartment on East Twelfth street and Doris’s daughter Carol lived with them there for a short time before returning to Lowry City to complete high school. Later, Mary Jane and Doris moved across the street into a house at 5213 East Twelfth. In Kansas City, Mary Jane joined with the Church of Christ.

About 1964, Mary Jane inherited fifty dollars from someone. Mary Jane gave the money to a distant relative, Alvin Pilant, as “he wasn’t too bright and had a hard time making it on his own, I guess.”

During her last days, Mary Jane was living at a nursing home, the Kansas City Care Center, at 622 Benton boulevard, Kansas City, Missouri. In late March or early April 1969, Mary Jane was visited by her son Glenn Wears of San Diego, California.

After a long illness, Mary Jane Wears died Friday, 24 April 1969, at the nursing home, aged 81. Services were conducted by Rev. C. Willard Stevens at 10 o’clock on Sunday, 26 April 1969, at the Sheil chapel in Kansas City. Graveside services were conducted at 2 o’clock at the Lowry City Cemetery. Of her children, only Glenn was unable to attend the funeral, on account of ill health. Her granddaughter Carol Mattocks — who had spent so many years of her childhood in the matriarch’s home — traveled from Colorado to attend the services.

Children of Frederick William and Mary Jane (Carver) Wears:

  • 14.1. Doris Marietta [7].
  • 14.2. Leo Glenn.
  • 14.3. Helen Louise.
  • 14.4. John Edward.
  • 14.5. Harold Gene.


  • 1900 United States Census, St. Clair County, Missouri, (T623-886-28B).
  • 1900 United States Census, St. Clair County, Missouri, (T623-886-137B).
  • 1910 United States Census, St. Clair County, Missouri, (T624-801-173A).
  • 1910 United States Census, St. Clair County, Missouri, (T624-801-177A).
  • 1920 United States Census, St. Clair County, Missouri, (T625-943-147A).
  • 1930 United States Census, St. Clair County, Missouri, (T626-1221-143B).
  • —, “Appleton City Journal 4 September 1913,” at, accessed 3 January 2006, citing Appleton City [Missouri] Journal (4 September 1913).
  • —, Application for Wheat Payment, 1939 Price Adjustment Program, partially completed form for farm number 2193[?], Mrs. B.H. Settle and F.W. Wears, producers.
  • —, “B.H. Settle to be Buried,” unidentified Missouri newspaper clipping (circa 1938).
  • —, “Cited at Pearl Harbor,” unidentified and undated Missouri newspaper clipping (circa 1942), from the papers of Denise Smalling.
  • —, “Civil War Veteran Passes,” unidentified Missouri newspaper clipping, (circa March 1930), from the papers of Carol Lee Mattocks.
  • —, Delayed or Special Certificate of Birth, Number 17605 [Fred William Wears], Missouri State Board of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, which gives his first name as Fred, not Frederick.
  • —, “Former Lowry Resident Dies,” St. Clair County Courier (1969, exact date unknown), from the papers of Carol Lee Mattocks.
  • —, “[Fred W. Wears] Obituary,” unidentified newspaper clipping ([29 June 1957]), from the papers of Carol Lee Mattocks.
  • —, Fred W. Wears funeral oration transcript (died 28 June 1957), from the papers of Doris Marietta Colley.
  • —, Fred W. Wears memorial card (died 28 June 1957).
  • —, “Henry County Missouri Birth Records 1883 to 1890,” at, accessed 20 December 2000, from Linda M. Everhart, Henry County Early Birth Records 1883-1890 (Blairstown, Missouri: SmallFarm Enterprise, 1996).
  • —, “History, Missouri Rehabilition [sic] Center,” at, accessed 16 September 2004.
  • —, John Thomas Wears Civil War discharge papers, from the papers of Carol Lee Mattocks.
  • —, “Mrs. John Carver Dies,” unidentified and undated Missouri newspaper clipping, from the papers of Carol Lee Mattocks.
  • —, “Mrs. Mary J. Wears [Death Notice],” unidentified and undated Kansas City, Missouri, newspaper clipping (25 April 1969), from the papers of Denise Smalling.
  • —, “Obituary [of Mary E. Wears],” unidentified Missouri newspaper clipping (1919), from the papers of Carol Lee Mattocks.
  • —, Polk’s Independence (Jackson County, Missouri) City Directory 1946 (Kansas City, Missouri: Gate City Directory Company, 1946), pages 78, 352.
  • —, Richard Dean Juchet and Helen Louise Wears marriage announcement (married 8 April 1956).
  • —, “St Clair County Democrat 30 September 1937,” at, accessed 3 January 2006, citing St. Clair County [Missouri] Democrat (30 September 1937).
  • —, “St. Clair County MO Database,” at, accessed 27 December 2009.
  • —, unidentified handwritten notes from the papers of Denise Smalling.
  • —, “Yeomen,” at, accessed 17 September 2004.
  •, Missouri Marriage Records, 1805-2002 [database on-line] (Provo, Utah: Operations Inc., 2007), apparently from a record book of St. Clair County, Missouri, marriage licenses, circa 1916, page 136, (original data from Missouri Marriage Records [Jefferson City, Missouri: Missouri State Archives, microfilm]).
  •, World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 [database on-line] (Provo, Utah: Operations Inc., 2005); draft card for Fred W. Wears; registration location: St. Clair County, Missouri; roll 1683565; draft board 0; registration number 121 (original data from United States, Selective Service System, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, M1509).
  • H. Allen Anderson, “Handbook of Texas Online: HIGGINS, TX,” at, created 4 December 2002.
  • Ray or John Roy Barber, genealogical notes in the possession of Carol Lee Mattocks.
  • Dwight H. Brown, State of Missouri: Official Manual for the Years Nineteen Forty-one and Nineteen Forty-two (Jefferson City: Mid-State Printing Company, [1941]), page 707.
  • [Sarah Emma Carver] “Mother” to Della and Ben [Settle], letter, 22 September 1937, from the papers of Denise Smalling.
  • [Sarah Emma Carver] “Mother” to Della Settle, letter, 23 November 1937, from the papers of Denise Smalling.
  • [Sarah Emma Carver] “Mother” to Della Settle, letter, 24 November 1937, from the papers of Denise Smalling.
  • [Sarah Emma Carver] to Della Settle, letter, 29 November 1937, from the papers of Denise Smalling.
  • [Sarah Emma Carver] “Mother” to Della [Settle], letter, 22 December [1937], from the papers of Denise Smalling.
  • [Sarah Emma Carver] “Mother” to Della Settle, letter, postmarked 1937, from the papers of Denise Smalling.
  • [Sarah] Ema Carver to Della Settle, letter, postmarked 10 December 1937, from the papers of Denise Smalling.
  • [Sarah Emma Carver] “Mother” to Della [Settle], letter, 19 July 1938, from the papers of Denise Smalling.
  • [Sarah Emma Carver] to Juanita [LaRue] (but delivered to Mrs. B.H. Settle), letter, 19 November 1937, from the papers of Denise Smalling.
  • Doris Marietta Colley scrapbooks.
  • Dick H. Elliott, in “St. Clair County Queries,” at, posted 9 January 2000, perused the 1855 to 1889 St. Clair County Marriage Index and found that John Morgan Carver and Sarah Emma Todd’s marriage was recorded in St. Clair County, Missouri, Marriage Book F, page 280.
  • Helen Louise Juchet, Family Group Sheet [for Richard Dean and Helen Louise (Wears) Juchet].
  • Carol Lee Mattocks recollections, 2004.
  • Carol Lee Mattocks to Gregg Leon Mattocks, e-mail, 6 September 2004.
  • Carol Lee Mattocks to Gregg Leon Mattocks, e-mail, 9 September 2004.
  • Carol Lee Mattocks to Gregg Leon Mattocks, e-mail, 10 September 2004.
  • Carol Lee Mattocks to Gregg Leon Mattocks, e-mail, 11 September 2004, citing “the Lowry City book”.
  • Carol Lee Mattocks to Gregg Leon Mattocks, e-mail, 14 September 2004.
  • Carol Lee Mattocks to Gregg Leon Mattocks, e-mail, 17 September 2004, citing “the L.C. Book”.
  • Carol Lee Mattocks to Gregg Leon Mattocks, e-mail, 19 September 2004.
  • Carol Lee Mattocks to Gregg Leon Mattocks, e-mail, 19 November 2005.
  • Carol Lee Mattocks to Gregg Leon Mattocks, e-mail, 28 January 2007.
  • Carol Lee Mattocks to Gregg Leon Mattocks, e-mail, 4 February 2007.
  • Carol Lee Mattocks to Gregg Leon Mattocks, letter, 30 August 1992.
  • Carol Lee Mattocks to Gregg Leon Mattocks, telephone conversation, 5 September 2004.
  • Carol Lee Mattocks to Gregg Leon Mattocks, telephone conversation, 10 September 2004.
  • J.K. Medberry, “Brotherhood of American Yeomen,” at, accessed 17 September 2004, from Compendium of History Reminiscence and Biography of Lyon County, Iowa (Chicago: Engravers and Book Manufacturers, 1904-1905), chapter 4.
  • Virgil N. Sapp to “Sir,” letter, 13 June 1939, from the papers of Denise Smalling.
  • Angela Burris Slaughter, “Lost Girl: A Struggle with Tuberculosis in the Missouri State Sanatorium,” at, created 2002.
  • Denise Smalling photo album, viewed by the author in 2004.
  • Ginny Sommarstrom, “St. Clair County Democrat 1935-1941,” at, accessed 20 May 2004, a transcription of “Mrs. John Carver Dies,” St. Clair County Democrat [Osceola, Missouri] (4 August 1938), page 1.
  • Harold Gene Wears, Family Group Sheet [for Harold Gene and Gloria Rae (Hadsall) Wears].
  • John Edward Wears, Family Group Sheet [for John Edward and Shirley Yvonne (Gooding) Wears].
  • [Mary Elizabeth Wears] “Mother” to George and Maud [Wears], letter, 17-18 July [191–], from the papers of Carol Lee Mattocks.